Joint pain: Causes, symptoms and pain relief 

One in four people over the age of 18 report chronic joint pain.¹

Joint pain is a very common problem that can be caused by anything from trivial injuries like stresses or strains to longer term conditions. This type of pain increases as we get older and is most prevalent in the 65-to-74-age group. Joint pain is most likely to be reported in the knee and shoulder joints.

Joint Pain Causes 

Although joint aches and pains have many possible causes, they are most frequently the result of injury (during exercise, for example) or as a result of a condition like arthritis. Some of the most typical reasons for joint pain include:

  • Osteoarthritis – The most common form of arthritis, osteoarthritis affects the cartilage lining of a joint and can even start to break it down. If major loss of the cartilage occurs, bone will rub directly onto bone, eventually changing the joint’s shape and causing pain.

  • Rheumatoid arthritis – This less-common form of arthritis causes the body’s immune system to target joints, which can lead to the breakdown of the bone and cartilage – and to pain and swelling.

  • Joint lining inflammation – When a joint gets injured, for example over-stretching in a sports setting, the tissue lining the joints and tendons can become inflamed and painful.

  • Bleeding into joint space – Injuries like torn ligaments or fractures may, in some circumstances, lead to painful bleeding in the joint spaces, called hemarthrosis.  

  • Gout – A distinct form of arthritis, gout can cause sudden, sever pain in the joint and is notable for hot, swollen red skin over the affected area.

Joint Pain Symptoms

If you’re suffering from mild joint pain, some of the most common symptoms include:

  • Joint being red and warm;
  • Joint swelling;
  • Joint tenderness;
  • Loss of movement or motion in joint;
  • Stiffness;
  • Muscle cramps;
  • Weakness.

However, if the following more serious symptoms occur, you should seek medical attention:

  • Joint becomes suddenly deformed or swollen;
  • Joint is completely immobile;
  • Joint pain is severe;
  • There is an accompanying fever;
  • You’ve experienced a serious injury.

 Exercises for Joint Pain 

While it may seem counterintuitive, if you are suffering with the swelling and stiffness associated with joint pain, it’s important to keep active. This is true when managing almost any kind of pain but is particularly relevant for joint pain where low-impact exercise helps to prevent the joint from stiffening up. Recommend activities are:

  • Walking, a low-impact way to exercise that can be done almost anywhere.
  • Swimming, the water enables you to stretch out while it cushions and soothes the joints.
  • Cycling, a great form of aerobic exercise that is easy on joints.
  • Yoga and Pilates are ways to boost flexibility and joint function without putting a lot of pressure on them.
  • Household activities like gardening or cleaning are gentle ways to keep moving that will stop joints from seizing up painfully.

Joint Pain Treatment 

Acute joint pain can usually be managed at home with the following treatments:

  • Stretching and staying physically active (see exercises for joint pain above).
  • Taking a warm bath for relief.
  • Anti-inflammatories like ibuprofen are a proven way to reduce swelling and pain in the joint. 
  • Using an electrical pain device, like BioWaveGO, to block pain at the source.

There are also medical treatments that you can investigate with the help of your GP. For example:

  • Physiotherapy – A physiotherapist will provide tailored exercises and stretching techniques to increase movement and reduce pain. 
  • Occupational therapy – An occupational therapist will give advice on how to make lasting lifestyle changes to help reduce pain.
  • Fluid removal – If the source of the pain is accumulated fluid in the joint, a doctor can draw this out.
  • Surgery – As a last resort, your doctor may suggest surgery to replace the joint.
  • BioWaveGO’s 100% drug-free pain relief machine stops pain at the nerve. 
  • To get pain relief, simply place the non-invasive electrodes around the joint pain.
  • Start your device – a 30-minute treatment is sufficient and can provide pain relief for up to eight hours.
  • Repeat daily – depending on the severity of your joint pain.
  • BioWave has an immediate effect, but there is also a cumulative effect on the nerve signals so prolonged used might have additional benefits